Bradley, spurred the development of existentialism beginning with Søren Kierkegaard, and was adapted in part in the dialectical materialism of Karl Marx. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel was born onAugust 27, 1770, in Stuttgart, Germany. He read and made clippings from English newspapers, wrote about the internal affairs of his native Wurtemberg, and studied economics. His work, following upon that of Immanuel Kant, Johann Gottlieb Fichte, and Friedrich Schelling, thus marks the pinnacle of classical German philosophy. Hegel's Encyclopaedia Logic constitutes the foundation of the system of philosophy presented in his Encyclopaedia of the Philosophical Sciences. On leaving college, Hegel did not enter the ministry; instead, wishing to have leisure for the study of philosophy and Greek literature, he became a private tutor. He went on to take private tuitions and subsequently lectured at the universities of Jena, Heidelberg and Berlin. Born in: Stuttgart, Duchy of Württemberg, Germany, Famous as: Philosopher, Philosophy Historian, siblings: Christiane Luise Hegel, Georg Ludwig Hegel, See the events in life of Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel in Chronological Order. Hegel's mother, Maria Magdalena Louisa (née Fromm), was the daughter of a lawyer at the High Court of Justice at the Württemberg court. ‘The Elements of the Philosophy of Right’ is his political philosophy which was published in 1820. The Biography. He also composed a few poems and essays on religion and philosophy in his free time. Hegel worked as a private tutor (1793–1801), an unpaid lecturer (1801–05) and extraordinary professor (1805–07) at the University of Jena, a newspaper editor (1807–08), a rector of an academic preparatory school (1808–16), and a professor of philosophy at the Universities of Heidelberg (1816–18) and Berlin (1818–31). The Phenomenology of Mind. He completed his theological studies from a Protestant seminary but was not inclined to become a clergy. Biographie. Updates? The marriage was entirely happy. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770-1831) was a German philosopher and historian whose literary work is notoriously dry and boring to read (besides being almost unintelligible). He died while serving with the Dutch army in Batavia. In 1811 Hegel married Marie von Tucher (22 years his junior), of Nürnberg. August 1770 in Stuttgart geboren. He joined a Protestant seminary (which was part of the University of Tubingen) at the age of 18 because his parents wanted him to join the clergy. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel fue un filósofo alemán, considerado uno de los grandes representantes del idealismo en Alemania. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Hegel_portrait_by_Schlesinger_1831.jpg, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Americana_1920_Hegel_Georg_Wilhelm_Friedrich.jpg, https://www.flickr.com/photos/ubleipzig/16435395184/in/photolist-8XUWLE-neCjfH-RP7M1L-oUpNb-2dtGyiE-6pQ6kq-r3kGou-8zSLTG-kaas. 1770. His historicist and idealist account of reality revolutionized European philosophy and was an important precursor to Continental philosophy and Marxism. Terry Pinkard, Hegel: A Biography, Cambridge 2000. He was the son of a provincial official. - Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel Biography, https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/georg-wilhelm-friedrich-hegel-8146.php. August: Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel wird in Stuttgart als Sohn des Rentkammersekretärs und späteren Expeditionsrates Georg Ludwig Hegel und seiner Frau Maria Magdalena, geb. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel : biography 1770-8-27 – 14 November 1831 It is widely admitted today that the old-fashioned description of Hegel’s philosophy in terms of "thesis-antithesis-synthesis" is inaccurate. The family circle was joined by Ludwig, a natural son of Hegel’s from Jena. Er gilt als einer der bedeutendsten Vertreter des deutschen Idealismus sowie als einer der großen Schöpfergestalten des deutschen Geistes. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, (born August 27, 1770, Stuttgart, Württemberg [Germany]—died November 14, 1831, Berlin), German philosopher who developed a dialectical scheme that emphasized the progress of … Nevertheless, such is the persistence of this misnomer that the model and terminology survive in a number of scholarly works. Born in Stuttgart; he died in Berlin. He had already learned the elements of Latin from his mother by the time he entered the Stuttgart grammar school, where he remained for his education until he was 18. Horst Althaus, Hegel und die heroischen Jahre der Philosophie. Hegel died in November 1831 due to cholera and a gastrointestinal complication. Fromm, geboren. Hegel was born on 27 August 1770 in Stuttgart, capital of the Duchy of Württemberg in southwestern Germany. August 1770 in Stuttgart als Sohn einer pietistischen Beamtenfamilie zur Welt. Hegel’s major works included the Phenomenology of Spirit (1807; also called the Phenomenology of Mind); the Science of Logic, in two parts (1812 and 1816); Encyclopedia of the Philosophical Sciences (1817); the Philosophy of Right (1821); and posthumously published lectures on aesthetics, the philosophy of religion, and the history of philosophy, among other topics. His influence has been as fertile in the reactions that he precipitated—in Søren Kierkegaard, the Danish existentialist; in the Marxists, who turned to social action; in the logical positivists; and in G.E. November 1831 in Berlin) war ein deutscher Philosoph, der als wichtigster Vertreter des deutschen Idealismus gilt. His hopes of more companionship, however, were unfulfilled: Hölderlin was engrossed in an illicit love affair and shortly lost his reason. Auf de… Hegel was very attached to his sister, and she later developed maniac jealousy of his wife when he got married to Marie Helena Susanna von Tucher at the age of 40. From here he published his book ‘Philosophy of Right’ in 1821. His historicist and idealist account of reality revolutionized European philosophy and was an important precursor to Continental philosophy and Marxism. For the next 3 1/2 years Hegel was engaged as a private tutor in Berne. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? In 1808, he was appointed as the headmaster of a Gymnasium in Nuremberg where he worked for eight years. Though his duties left him little time for study and writing, he acquainted himself with the Bernese political situation. Though he then took the theological course, he was impatient with the orthodoxy of his teachers; and the certificate given to him when he left in 1793 states that, whereas he had devoted himself vigorously to philosophy, his industry in theology was intermittent. He also studied the critical philosopher Immanuel Kant and was stimulated by his essay on religion to write certain papers that became noteworthy only when, more than a century later, they were published as a part of Hegels theologische Jugendschriften (1907; Early Theological Writings). Translator of Hegel's Political Writings, Early Theological Writings, and Aesthetics. During this period Holderlin exerted influence on his thoughts which prompted him to write the ‘Life of Jesus’ and ‘The Positivity of the Christian Religion’. These friendships clearlyhad a major influence on Hegel’s philosophical development, andfor a while th… He had a sister named Christiane Luise and a brother, Georg Ludwig, who died as an officer in Napoleon’s Russian campaign. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel : biography 1770-8-27 – 14 November 1831 Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel ( August 27, 1770 – November 14, 1831) was a German philosopher, and a major figure in German Idealism. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770-1831) Hegel was another disciple of Kant; he was of the Idealist school. He also had an illegitimate son named Ludwig Fischer who joined the Hegel household at the age of 10, when his mother died. 2009 Audiobooks See All. ‘The Encyclopaedia of the Philosophical Science’ is a summary of his philosophy, which was published in 1816 and later revised by him in 1827 and 1830. Principal of the University of St. Andrews, Scotland, 1953–66. His mother taught him Latin grammar at home before he switched schools, which put him ahead of his class. At the time of his death, he was one of Germany’s most prominent philosophers. Christened Georg Wilhelm Friedrich, he was known as Wilhelm to his close family. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. In 1788 he entered the Tübinger Stift, a Protestant Seminary, and became roommates with Friedrich Hölderlin and F.W.J. His father is a civil servant at the court of Karl Eugen, Duke of Württemberg. The following is an amalgam of a biography available on the Web, originating from the MS Encarta encyclopaedia with some material from Hegel for Beginners published by Icon Books Ltd. See also the more comprehensive Biography at hegel.net Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel was born into a Protestant middle-class family in Stuttgart, the eldest of three children. His views are highly regarded even today and are interpreted differently by right wing conservatives and left wing followers, who are more inclined towards an atheistic position. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (* 27. They had two sons, Karl Friedrich Wilhelm and Immanuel Thomas Christian, who later became a scholar like their father. After receiving his theological certificate from the Tubingen seminary, he became a home tutor in the house of an aristocratic family in Bern. At age three, he attended the German School. Translator of Hegel's. Hegel was lonely in Berne and was glad to move, at the end of 1796, to Frankfurt am Main, where Hölderlin had gotten him a tutorship. Thanks to Hölderlin's initiative, in 1797 Hegel was rescued from his cheerless situation through an appointment as a private tutor in Frankfurt. Seine Mitschüler müssen ihn als ein wenig altväterlich und steif empfunden haben, und später, auf dem Tübinger Stift, erhielt er den Spitznamen der alte Mann. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel by William Wallace and John Henry Muirhead. (Unabridged) 2017 Einleitung in die Philosophie des Geistes. His father was a secretary to Karl Eugen, Duke of Wurttemberg and his mother was the daughter of a lawyer. His father was a secretary to Karl Eugen, Duke of Wurttemberg and his mother was the daughter of a lawyer. In 1831, he was decorated with the Order of the Red Eagle, 3rd Class, by Fredrick William III, for his service to the Prussian state. degree in 1790. Voici une biographie détaillée de Hegel (1770 – 1831). Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770–1831) • Biographie • [Das älteste Systemprogramm des deutschen Idealismus] Es handelt sich bei diesem Text um eine fragmentarisch überlieferte Schrift in Hegels Handschrift, die 1917 von F. Rosenzweig in den Sitzungsberichten der Heidelberger Akademie der Wissenschaften veröffentlicht, betitelt und Schelling zugeschrieben worden ist. Hegel wurde am 27. His sister, Christiane, committed suicide by drowning shortly after his death. Danach war er bis zum Abschluss im Jahr 1788 Schüler des dortigen "Gymnasiums illustre". Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel was born in Stuttgart in 1770. He wrote several books and articles, which are considered as major philosophical works of his time. Hegel besuchte in Stuttgart zunächst die Deutsche und Lateinische Schule. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel est un philosophe allemand à qui l’on doit les citations : Décidément, il est plus difficile de briser un préjugé qu’un atome ou encore Écouter la forêt qui pousse plutôt que l’arbre qui tombe. He was also said to be poor in oral exposition, a deficiency that was to dog him throughout his life. Hegel to Frommann, Bamberg, July 9, 1808, in Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Hegel, the Letters translated by Clark Butler and Christiane Seiler (Bloomington, 1984), 425. ↩︎ Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. He was brought up in an atmosphere of Protestant pietism. As a schoolboy he made a collection of extracts, alphabetically arranged, comprising annotations on classical authors, passages from newspapers, and treatises on morals and mathematics from the standard works of the period. Born on 27 August 1770 in Stuttgart, Württemberg, Germany, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel was a philosopher, author, and a key component among classical German philosophers. Here, he became close friends with the poet, Friedrich Holderlin and the philosopher, Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling, who were his roommates. Hegel was the last of the great philosophical system builders of modern times. Er ist das älteste von drei Kindern. Hegel accepted this teaching; but, being more of a historian than Kant was, he put it to the test of history by writing two essays. ‘Science of Logic’ is the core of his philosophy that was published in three volumes. Georg Friedrich Wilhelm Hegel wurde als Sohn einer alten Beamten- und Theologenfamilie am 27. He joined the University of Heidelberg in 1816 as a professor. Young Hegel was more interested in philosophy and eventually did not join the ministry. He also published his book ‘Science of Logic’. Der wesentliche Bildungseinfluß der Stuttgarter Jahre waren die klassische Antike und die deutsche Aufklärung. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. H. besuchte in Stuttgart das Karls-Gymnasium. He joined Gymnasium ‘Illustre’ at the age of six from where he completed his preparatory schooling. He was educated at the Royal Highschool in Stuttgart from 1777-88 and steeped in both the classics and the literature of the European Enlightenment. Hegel came to the University City of Jena in 1801 and took up a job at as an unpaid lecturer. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). He was deeply disturbed by the riots for reform in Berlin during this period. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Moore and Bertrand Russell, both pioneering figures in British analytic philosophy—as in his positive impact. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel was a famous German philosopher who lived in the 18th century. For the next three years he lived in Berne, with time on his hands and the run of a good library, where he read Edward Gibbon on the fall of the Roman Empire and De l’esprit des loix (1750; The Spirit of Laws), by Charles Louis, baron de Montesquieu, as well as the Greek and Roman classics. Hölderlin, his contemporary, and the nature philosopher Schelling, five years his junior. The first of these was a life of Jesus in which Hegel attempted to reinterpret the Gospel on Kantian lines. In particular, he develop… Born in 1770 in Stuttgart, Hegel spent the years 1788–1793 asa student in nearby Tübingen, studying first philosophy, and thentheology, and forming friendships with fellow students, the futuregreat romantic poet Friedrich Hölderlin (1770–1843) andFriedrich von Schelling (1775–1854), who, like Hegel, wouldbecome one of the major figures of the German philosophical scene inthe first half of the nineteenth century.
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