, Hemingway returned home early in 1919 to a time of readjustment. Een geschiedenis (Kindle loc.  Other theories have arisen to explain Hemingway's decline in mental health, including that multiple concussions during his life may have caused him to develop chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), leading to his eventual suicide. When Hemingway returned to the United States in January 1919, he believed Agnes would join him within months and the two would marry. (2005). He grew up in Oak Park, Illinois, near the midwestern city of Chicago.He was the second child in a family of six. Ernest en Martha wonen vier jaar gedeeltelijk samen terwijl Ernest ook nog in perioden samenleeft met zijn echtgenote Pauline. In a letter to Hemingway, Salinger claimed their talks "had given him his only hopeful minutes of the entire war" and jokingly "named himself national chairman of the Hemingway Fan Clubs. On their way to photograph Murchison Falls from the air, the plane struck an abandoned utility pole and "crash landed in heavy brush".  Her death was later ruled a suicide, making her "the fifth person in four generations of her family to commit suicide". Foto over sleutel, toerist, seller, ntatiepunt, havana, aantrekkelijkheid, museum, literatuur, best - 87463255 , Hemingway was devastated on learning that Hadley had lost a suitcase filled with his manuscripts at the Gare de Lyon as she was traveling to Geneva to meet him in December 1922. "Ernest Hemingway: The Life as Fiction and the Fiction as Life".  The landing craft came within sight of Omaha Beach before coming under enemy fire and turning back.  The accidents may have precipitated the physical deterioration that was to follow. " In 1954, when Hemingway was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature, it was for "his mastery of the art of narrative, most recently demonstrated in The Old Man and the Sea, and for the influence that he has exerted on contemporary style. Bernice Kert writes that it "did not seem to her a conscious lie" when she told the press that his death had been accidental. Aside from the celebrity of its former owner, the property is also famous for its resident population of polydactyl (many-toed) cats. ", The extent of his influence is seen from the enduring and varied tributes to Hemingway and his works. The American West is given a symbolic nod with the naming of the "Hotel Montana" in The Sun Also Rises and For Whom the Bell Tolls. (1990). He then traveled alone to Spain to be photographed for the front cover of Life magazine. Martha had been forced to cross the Atlantic in a ship filled with explosives because Hemingway refused to help her get a press pass on a plane, and she arrived in London to find him hospitalized with a concussion from a car accident.  By the end of November, Mary was at her wits' end, and Saviers suggested that Hemingway go to the Mayo Clinic in Minnesota; Hemingway might have believed that he was to be treated there for hypertension.  That June he arrived at the Italian Front. "Cuba in Hemingway". If you’re interested in a collection, The Complete Short Stories of Ernest Hemingway is the one to go with. His sister Marcelline preceded him in 1898, followed by Ursula in 1902, Madelaine in 1904, Carol in 1911, and Leicester in 1915.  Mellow explains that, on that first day, none of the correspondents were allowed to land and Hemingway was returned to the Dorothea Dix. Ernest Miller Hemingway (21 Julie 1899 — 2 Julie 1961) was 'n Amerikaanse romanskrywer, kortverhaalskrywer, en joernalis.Hy ontvang in 1953 die Pulitzerprys vir The Old Man and the Sea, en die Nobelprys vir Letterkunde in 1954. (2004). Some 40-50 of these unique and beautiful felines, referred to as Hemingway cats, call the grounds home. Long, Ray – editor. Her, This page was last edited on 28 November 2020, at 17:08. , Susan Beegel has written that some more recent critics—writing through the lens of a more modern social and cultural context several decades after Hemingway's death, and more than half a century after his novels were first published—have characterized the social era portrayed in his fiction as misogynistic and homophobic. Hemingway was raised in Oak Park, Illinois. , On August 25, he was present at the liberation of Paris as a journalist; contrary to the Hemingway legend, he was not the first into the city, nor did he liberate the Ritz. Biographer Jeffrey Meyers writes Agnes's rejection devastated and scarred the young man; in future relationships Hemingway followed a pattern of abandoning a wife before she abandoned him. She didn't remember precisely how the nickname came into being; however, it certainly stuck. The sentences build on each other, as events build to create a sense of the whole. " A few days later, he was stationed at Fossalta di Piave.  Feeling lonely, he took to his bed for days, retreating into silence, despite having the first installments of The Dangerous Summer published in Life in September 1960 to good reviews. , Jackson Benson believes Hemingway used autobiographical details as framing devices about life in general—not only about his life. After the 1961 Bay of Pigs Invasion, the Finca Vigía was expropriated by the Cuban government, complete with Hemingway's collection of "four to six thousand books". Ernest Miller Hemingway werd geboren om 8 uur 's morgens op 21 juli 1899 in Oak Park, Illinois, een voorstad van Chicago. "My True Occupation is That of a Writer:Hemingway's Passport Correspondence". Ernest Hemingway (1899-1961), auteur van onder andere Afscheid van de wapenenen De zon gaat op, ontving in 1954 de Nobelprijs voor de Literatuur. The two toured Italy in 1923 and lived on the same street in 1924. Many types of internal punctuation (colons, semicolons, dashes, parentheses) are omitted in favor of short declarative sentences. Ernest Miller Hemingway ([ˈɜːnɪst ˈmɪlə ˈhɛmɪŋwɛɪ] oder [ˈɜrnɪst ˈmɪɫəʳ ˈhɛmɪŋweɪ] (); * 21. Ernest Hemingway lived and wrote here for more than ten years. He divorced Richardson in 1927 and married Pauline Pfeiffer; they divorced after he returned from the Spanish Civil War, where he had been a journalist. The theme of death permeates Hemingway's work. in Wagner-Martin, Linda (ed).  Medical records made available in 1991 confirmed that Hemingway had been diagnosed with hemochromatosis in early 1961.  They returned to Cuba before the declaration of war by the United States that December, when he convinced the Cuban government to help him refit the Pilar, which he intended to use to ambush German submarines off the coast of Cuba.  A 2009 book suggests during that period he may have been recruited to work for Soviet intelligence agents under the name "Agent Argo". Instead he received a letter in March with her announcement that she was engaged to an Italian officer. " He sustained severe shrapnel wounds to both legs, underwent an immediate operation at a distribution center, and spent five days at a field hospital before he was transferred for recuperation to the Red Cross hospital in Milan. , The theme of emasculation is prevalent in Hemingway's work, most notably in The Sun Also Rises.  He was unable to organize his writing for the first time in his life, so he asked A. E. Hotchner to travel to Cuba to help him. Of Martha, Kert explains, "she never catered to him the way other women did". Pauline Pfeiffer joined them in January and against Hadley's advice, urged Hemingway to sign a contract with Scribner's. Three of his novels, four short-story collections, and three nonfiction works were published posthumously.  The couple visited Mombasa, Nairobi, and Machakos in Kenya; then moved on to Tanganyika Territory, where they hunted in the Serengeti, around Lake Manyara, and west and southeast of present-day Tarangire National Park. , Because he began as a writer of short stories, Baker believes Hemingway learned to "get the most from the least, how to prune language, how to multiply intensities and how to tell nothing but the truth in a way that allowed for telling more than the truth.  After his reputation was established with the publication of The Sun Also Rises, he became the spokesperson for the post-World War I generation, having established a style to follow. , When St. Louis native Hadley Richardson came to Chicago to visit the sister of Hemingway's roommate, Hemingway became infatuated. , Hemingway's mother, a well-known musician in the village, taught her son to play the cello despite his refusal to learn; though later in life he admitted the music lessons contributed to his writing style, evidenced for example in the "contrapuntal structure" of For Whom the Bell Tolls.  In the winter, he was in New York with Bumby, about to board a train to Florida, when he received a cable telling him that his father had killed himself. , While recuperating he fell in love with Agnes von Kurowsky, a Red Cross nurse seven years his senior. Ernest Hemingway, American novelist and short-story writer, awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1954. "Hemingway and Gender History". Late that year he began as a freelancer and staff writer for the Toronto Star Weekly. The surgeon tended the compound spiral fracture and bound the bone with kangaroo tendon. There young Ernest joined his father and learned to hunt, fish, and camp in the woods and lakes of Northern Michigan, early experiences that instilled a life-long passion for outdoor adventure and living in remote or isolated areas. Opening statement of Nobel Prize acceptance speech, 1954 [recorded privately by Hemingway after the fact]. [note 6], From the end of the year in 1955 to early 1956, Hemingway was bedridden. Use short first paragraphs. Organizations for writers palliate the writer's loneliness but I doubt if they improve his writing. Use vigorous English. (1990). Pauline and the children left Hemingway that summer, after the family was reunited during a visit to Wyoming; when his divorce from Pauline was finalized, he and Martha were married on November 20, 1940 in Cheyenne, Wyoming.. In December 1917, Hemingway responded to a Red Cross recruitment effort and signed on to be an ambulance driver in Italy, after having failed to enlist in the U.S. Army because of poor eyesight. Her character supports the theme not only because the idea was presented early on in the novel but also the impact she had on Cohn in the start of the book while only appearing a small number of times. in Donaldson, Scott (ed).  His books were burned in Berlin in 1933, "as being a monument of modern decadence", and disavowed by his parents as "filth". in Benson, Jackson J. Smith, Paul (1996).  Life wanted only 10,000 words, but the manuscript grew out of control. Here is a selection of Ernest Hemingway’s short stories.  On July 25, 1960, the Hemingways left Cuba for the last time, leaving art and manuscripts in a bank vault in Havana.  Dos Passos left the project after the execution of José Robles, his friend and Spanish translator, which caused a rift between the two writers. "Conclusion: The Critical Reputation".  He was checked in at the Mayo Clinic under Saviers's name in order to maintain anonymity. The Sun Also Rises (Nederlandse titel: 'En de zon gaat op') is een roman van Ernest Hemingway, gepubliceerd in 1926.De roman vertelt het verhaal van een Amerikaan, Jake Barnes, die in Parijs woont en er als journalist werkt. It was the last major work of fiction written by Hemingway that was published during his lifetime. On awarding the medal, the Italians wrote of Hemingway: "Gravely wounded by numerous pieces of shrapnel from an enemy shell, with an admirable spirit of brotherhood, before taking care of himself, he rendered generous assistance to the Italian soldiers more seriously wounded by the same explosion and did not allow himself to be carried elsewhere until after they had been evacuated."  In a press interview five years later, Mary confirmed that he had shot himself. (2010). , Hemingway's marriage to Hadley deteriorated as he was working on The Sun Also Rises. I will continue to add to this page as I read more. Het was slechts een tussenstop van de onder Britse vlag varende stoomboot Orita waarmee hij vanuit Frankrijk op weg was naar zijn huis in Key West, Florida. Zoe Trodd believes Hemingway crafted skeletal sentences in response to Henry James's observation that World War I had "used up words". Zijn vermaarde rauwe en pure persoonlijkheid, zijn reis- en dranklust spreken bij velen nog altijd tot de verbeelding: Ernest Hemingway. "PEN/Hemingway Prize Speech". “For Whom the Bell Tolls”, p.468, Simon and Schuster 145 Copy quote. Hemingway was hospitalized for seven weeks, with Pauline tending to him; the nerves in his writing hand took as long as a year to heal, during which time he suffered intense pain. The platonic love affair inspired the novel Across the River and into the Trees, written in Cuba during a time of strife with Mary, and published in 1950 to negative reviews. The last three were stored in a safe deposit box in Havana, as he focused on the finishing touches for A Moveable Feast. Sanderson, Rena. He modestly told the press that Carl Sandburg, Isak Dinesen and Bernard Berenson deserved the prize, but he gladly accepted the prize money. It kills the very good and the very gentle and the very brave impartially.  The manuscript arrived in New York in April; he corrected the final proof in Paris in August 1926, and Scribner's published the novel in October. If you are none of these you can be sure it will kill you too but there will be no special hurry. , With his wife Hadley, Hemingway first visited the Festival of San Fermín in Pamplona, Spain, in 1923, where he became fascinated by bullfighting. (ed).  In early 1926, Hadley became aware of his affair with Pfeiffer, who came to Pamplona with them that July. Op bol.com vind je alle boeken van Ernest Hemingway. Ernest Hemingway’s graduation photo and yearbook entry, Oak Park High School, 1917.  The last time that Hemingway saw Martha was in March 1945 as he was preparing to return to Cuba, and their divorce was finalized later that year. , Hemingway, Hadley and their son (nicknamed Bumby) returned to Paris in January 1924 and moved into a new apartment on the rue Notre-Dame des Champs.  Hemingway's health was further complicated by heavy drinking throughout most of his life. , In 2012, he was inducted into the Chicago Literary Hall of Fame.  The next day, attempting to reach medical care in Entebbe, they boarded a second plane that exploded at take-off, with Hemingway suffering burns and another concussion, this one serious enough to cause leaking of cerebral fluid. , In early 1939, Hemingway crossed to Cuba in his boat to live in the Hotel Ambos Mundos in Havana. , Hemingway's behavior during his final years had been similar to that of his father before he killed himself; his father may have had hereditary haemochromatosis, whereby the excessive accumulation of iron in tissues culminates in mental and physical deterioration. Banks, Russell. (2005). If a writer of prose knows enough of what he is writing about he may omit things that he knows and the reader, if the writer is writing truly enough, will have a feeling of those things as strongly as though the writer had stated them. De tekst is beschikbaar onder de licentie.  The following year, furious at the critical reception of Across the River and Into the Trees, he wrote the draft of The Old Man and the Sea in eight weeks, saying that it was "the best I can write ever for all of my life". Baker; A Life Story p.533 in "Loocking Backward".  Typical, according to Beegel, is an analysis of Hemingway's 1926 novel, The Sun Also Rises, in which a critic contended: "Hemingway never lets the reader forget that Cohn is a Jew, not an unattractive character who happens to be a Jew but a character who is unattractive because he is a Jew." 170] van A farewell to arms. ", During the early 1930s, Hemingway spent his winters in Key West and summers in Wyoming, where he found "the most beautiful country he had seen in the American West" and hunted deer, elk, and grizzly bear. Miller, Linda Patterson. They split their possessions while Hadley accepted Hemingway's offer of the proceeds from The Sun Also Rises.  Hemingway scholar Hallengren believes the "hard boiled style" and the machismo must be separated from the author himself. Hemingway's injuries included a head wound, while Mary broke two ribs. Hemingway later wrote in Collier's that he could see "the first, second, third, fourth and fifth waves of [landing troops] lay where they had fallen, looking like so many heavily laden bundles on the flat pebbly stretch between the sea and first cover". "Brett and the Other Women in.  During this period, he suffered from severe headaches, high blood pressure, weight problems, and eventually diabetes—much of which was the result of previous accidents and many years of heavy drinking. Many of his works are considered classics of American literature.  Many of Hemingway's followers misinterpreted his lead and frowned upon all expression of emotion; Saul Bellow satirized this style as "Do you have emotions? He was born in Oak Park, Illinois, and committed suicide in Ketchum, Idaho.  He returned to Key West for a few months, then back to Spain twice in 1938, where he was present at the Battle of the Ebro, the last republican stand, and he was among the British and American journalists who were some of the last to leave the battle as they crossed the river. Hemingway sets the events in "Indian Camp" that shape the Adams persona.  While in Key West, Hemingway frequented the local bar Sloppy Joe's. I’m talking about Ernest Hemingway, of course. In de zomer kan dat ook op ons prachtige terras. , In 1937, Hemingway left for Spain to cover the Spanish Civil War for the North American Newspaper Alliance (NANA), despite Pauline's reluctance to have him working in a war zone. For example, Benson postulates that Hemingway used his experiences and drew them out with "what if" scenarios: "what if I were wounded in such a way that I could not sleep at night? Voor wie de klok luidt verscheen in 1940. During the trip, Hemingway became sick again and was treated for "high blood pressure, liver disease, and arteriosclerosis". Op het platteland scheten ze op de mesthoop en … He later claimed, "I knew she was the girl I was going to marry.  They forged a strong friendship, and in Hemingway, Pound recognized and fostered a young talent.  His sister Ursula and his brother Leicester also killed themselves.  He described also the retreat of the Greek army with civilians from East Thrace. Ernest Hemingway (1899 – 1961) Ernest Miller Hemingway (July 21, 1899 - July 2, 1961) was an American author. Zijn biograaf, Carlos Baker, schreef in 1969 dat hij het geweer tegen zijn voorhoofd hield en schoot. The most painful thing is losing yourself in the process of loving someone too much, and forgetting that you are special too. Ernest Hemingway, de mythische macho ‘Hedonisme, sentimenteel humanisme en een flinke scheut seksisme.’ Wat trekt ... van hun context doen citaten uit A Moveable Feast inmiddels dienst als universele schrijftips voor iedereen die tot schrijven wil komen door te googelen. Step back in time and visit the rooms and gardens that witnessed the most prolific period of this Nobel Prize winner’s writing career. His iceberg theory of omission is the foundation on which he builds. Martha Gellhorn became his third wife in 1940; they separated after he met Mary Welsh in London during World War II. , During his first 20 months in Paris, Hemingway filed 88 stories for the Toronto Star newspaper.  At its core, much of Hemingway's work can be viewed in the light of American naturalism, evident in detailed descriptions such as those in "Big Two-Hearted River".  Bernice Kert, author of The Hemingway Women, claims Hadley was "evocative" of Agnes, but that Hadley had a childishness that Agnes lacked.  Hemingway went with her, sending in dispatches for the newspaper PM, but in general he disliked China. In the late summer that year we lived in a house in a village that looked across the river and the plain to the mountains.  Despite his wounds, Hemingway assisted Italian soldiers to safety, for which he received the Italian Silver Medal of Bravery.  Pound introduced Hemingway to James Joyce, with whom Hemingway frequently embarked on "alcoholic sprees". "Santiago's Expatriation from Spain", Herlihy-Mera, Jeffrey. The 10-week trip provided material for Green Hills of Africa, as well as for the short stories "The Snows of Kilimanjaro" and "The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber".  Despite his injuries, Hemingway accompanied Patrick and his wife on a planned fishing expedition in February, but pain caused him to be irascible and difficult to get along with. (1975). , The popularity of Hemingway's work depends on its themes of love, war, travel, wilderness, and loss, all of which are strongly evident in the body of work.  In 1935 he first arrived at Bimini, where he spent a considerable amount of time. Ernest Hemingway once said: “Happiness in intelligent people is the rarest thing I know. Each summer the family traveled to Windemere on Walloon Lake, near Petoskey, Michigan. This use of polysyndeton may serve to convey immediacy. Within months a second volume, in our time (without capitals), was published. Be positive, not negative.". , He spent six months at the hospital, where he met and formed a strong friendship with "Chink" Dorman-Smith that lasted for decades and shared a room with future American foreign service officer, ambassador, and author Henry Serrano Villard. " However, Hemingway's intent was not to eliminate emotion, but to portray it more scientifically.  His influence is further evident from the many restaurants bearing his name and the proliferation of bars called "Harry's", a nod to the bar in Across the River and Into the Trees.  Later that year, he observed heavy fighting in the Battle of Hürtgen Forest.  He was released in late June and arrived home in Ketchum on June 30; he then "quite deliberately" shot himself with his favorite shotgun in the early morning hours of July 2, 1961. The test of any story is how very good the stuff that you, not your editors, omit. "Why Editors Go Wrong: '. Nagel, James. Het was een schoon stadje en er stond een mooie fontein op het plein.’ Dat is wat Ernest Hemingway over Kobarid zegt in Afscheid van de wapenen, de Nederlandse vertaling [van Katja Vranken uit 1958, achttiende druk 2017, blz. , Fiedler believes Hemingway inverts the American literary theme of the evil "Dark Woman" versus the good "Light Woman". In "Alpine Idyll" the "unnaturalness" of skiing in the high country late spring snow is juxtaposed against the "unnaturalness" of the peasant who allowed his wife's dead body to linger too long in the shed during the winter. On July 8, he was seriously wounded by mortar fire, having just returned from the canteen bringing chocolate and cigarettes for the men at the front line. in Donaldson, Scott (ed). He described the incident in his non-fiction book Death in the Afternoon: "I remember that after we searched quite thoroughly for the complete dead we collected fragments. Ernest Miller Hemingway (July 21, 1899 – July 2, 1961) was an American novelist, short-story writer, journalist, and sportsman.  Hotchner found Hemingway to be "unusually hesitant, disorganized, and confused", and suffering badly from failing eyesight.  Critics Allen Josephs, Mimi Gladstein, and Jeffrey Herlihy-Mera have studied how Spanish influenced Hemingway's prose, which sometimes appears directly in the other language (in italics, as occurs in The Old Man and the Sea) or in English as literal translations. , Hemingway attended Oak Park and River Forest High School from 1913 until 1917. Pauline had a difficult delivery; Hemingway fictionalized a version of the event as a part of A Farewell to Arms. The small volume included six vignettes and a dozen stories Hemingway had written the previous summer during his first visit to Spain, where he discovered the thrill of the corrida.  Benson agrees, describing him as introverted and private as J. D. Salinger, although Hemingway masked his nature with braggadocio. , At this time, Hemingway was constantly worried about money and his safety.  Hemingway himself later wrote to his editor Max Perkins that the "point of the book" was not so much about a generation being lost, but that "the earth abideth forever"; he believed the characters in The Sun Also Rises may have been "battered" but were not lost. " The Sun Also Rises is written in the spare, tight prose that made Hemingway famous, and, according to James Nagel, "changed the nature of American writing. He almost died in 1954 after plane crashes on successive days; injuries left him in pain and ill health for much of the rest of his life. , Late in July, he attached himself to "the 22nd Infantry Regiment commanded by Col. Charles 'Buck' Lanham, as it drove toward Paris", and Hemingway became de facto leader to a small band of village militia in Rambouillet outside of Paris. Der Nobelpreisträger starb, wie er gelebt hatte – radikal und rücksichtslos sich selbst gegenüber.  In mid-1959, he visited Spain to research a series of bullfighting articles commissioned by Life magazine. He wanted to write a comprehensive treatise on bullfighting, explaining the toreros and corridas complete with glossaries and appendices, because he believed bullfighting was "of great tragic interest, being literally of life and death. " He is buried in the Ketchum cemetery. He also uses other cinematic techniques of "cutting" quickly from one scene to the next; or of "splicing" a scene into another. " This was in fact in contravention of the Geneva Convention, and Hemingway was brought up on formal charges; he said that he "beat the rap" by claiming that he only offered advice.  It is at this time that he began to be referred to as "Papa", even by much older friends.  According to Stoltzfus and Fiedler, in Hemingway's work, nature is a place for rebirth and rest; and it is where the hunter or fisherman might experience a moment of transcendence at the moment they kill their prey.  On December 17, 1944, he had himself driven to Luxembourg in spite of illness to cover The Battle of the Bulge. After leaving high school he went to work for The Kansas City Star as a cub reporter. Ernest Miller Hemingway was de zoon van een plattelandsarts en van een ontwikkelde operazangeres die piano- en zanglessen gaf. In 1959, he bought a house in Ketchum, Idaho, where, in mid-1961, he ended his own life. [note 5], In 1948, Hemingway and Mary traveled to Europe, staying in Venice for several months. See Meyers (1985), 2. Before the age of 20, he had gained from the war a maturity that was at odds with living at home without a job and with the need for recuperation. 3075-3076). He grows in public stature as he sheds his loneliness and often his work deteriorates.  In 1977, the International Imitation Hemingway Competition was created to acknowledge his distinct style and the comical efforts of amateur authors to imitate him; entrants are encouraged to submit one "really good page of really bad Hemingway" and the winners are flown to Harry's Bar in Italy. , Hemingway accompanied the troops to the Normandy Landings wearing a large head bandage, according to Meyers, but he was considered "precious cargo" and not allowed ashore. , Hemingway continued to rework the material that was published as A Moveable Feast through the 1950s. , Hemingway said he "was out of business as a writer" from 1942 to 1945 during his residence in Cuba. 2958. It has all of his previously published stories as well as seven new to this edition. International Imitation Hemingway Competition, Family tree showing Ernest Hemingway's parents, siblings, wives, children and grandchildren, "Ernest Hemingway The Nobel Prize in Literature 1954 Banquet Speech", "How Mary Hemingway and JFK Got Ernest Hemingway's Legacy Out of Cuba", "Widow Believes Hemingway Committed Suicide; She Tells of His Depression and His 'Breakdown' Assails Hotchner Book", "The same brain disease battering the NFL may have killed Ernest Hemingway", "Multiple Concussions May Have Sped Hemingway's Demise, a Psychiatrist Argues", "Idaho Remembers the Times of Papa Hemingway : Idaho: Hemingway Is Well Remembered", https://www.academia.edu/1258702/Ernest_Hemingway_in_Spain_He_was_a_Sort_of_Joke_in_Fact, https://muse.jhu.edu/article/205022/summary, https://www.academia.edu/33255402/Cuba_in_Hemingway, https://www.academia.edu/1548905/Santiagos_Expatriation_from_Spain_and_Cultural_Otherness_in_Hemingways_the_Old_Man_and_the_Sea, "Susan Beegel: What I like about Hemingway", "Planetary Names: Crater, craters: Hemingway on Mercury", "A Line of Hemingway Furniture, With a Veneer of Taste", "Wanted: One Really Good Page of Really Bad Hemingway", "2012 Hemingway Foundation PEN Award Winner Announced | JFK Library", "Premio Hemingway | 36^ Edizione del Premio Hemingway 19 / 23 GIUGNO 2019 - LIGNANO", "Margaux Hemingway's Death Ruled a Suicide", "Margaux Hemingway Is Dead; Model and Actress Was 41", "Coroner Says Death of Actress Was Suicide", "The Ernest Hemingway Foundation of Oak Park", "Finca Vigía Foundation | Preserving Ernest Hemingway's Legacy in Cuba", "Ernest Hemingway: A Storyteller's Legacy", John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum, Ernest Hemingway A to Z: The Essential Reference to the Life and Work, Hemingway Archives: John F. Kennedy Library, Maurice J. Speiser papers at the University of South Carolina Department of Rare Books and Special Collections, Ernest Hemingway's journalism at The Archive of American Journalism, FBI Records: The Vault, Subject: Ernest Hemingway, Hemingway legal files collection, 1899–1971.
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